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Making healthy food options to manage blood sugar is key for those with type 2 diabetes, but imagine if there were meals that not just kept diabetes in check, but also improved your diabetes and overall fitness - sort of how calcium can boost bone health? Researchers have identified some key functional foods that appear to improve the disease condition and possibly reduce risk.


Eating the tiny blue fruit is a nutrient-dense technique to obtain some of your daily carbs, and research also suggests that eating blueberries frequently - as well as other berries - enhances insulin sensitivity. This means cells tend to be more open to the body's own insulin. Researchers also credit the anti-inflammatory effect of phytochemicals in berries as possibly reducing several of the aerobic risks seen with type 2 diabetes.


Oranges, grapefruits, clementines - study suggests that use of citrus fruit has a positive, long term effects on blood sugar, and also cholesterol levels, because of the anti inflammatory compound hesperidin along with a healthy dose of soluble fiber. Extra investigation from Harvard School of Public Health implies that eating the overall fruit, instead of the juice, was related to a lower risk of developing Type two diabetes.


Chickpeas, in addition to lentils and beans, are popular meals with a low glycemic index, which makes them great options for diabetes, but new research indicates that eating legumes might truly enjoy a therapeutic effect. In a 2012 study published in Archives of Internal Medicine, individuals with type 2 diabetes used one cup of legumes every day as part of their carbohydrate intake for three months. When compared with other study participants, the day legume eaters showed greater decreases in hemoglobin A1c values and decreases in blood pressure.

Black Chocolate

Can a sweet treat really improve glucose control? Some research studies discovered that a small quantity of high-quality, dark chocolate eaten regular decreases fasting insulin levels and blood pressure. Effects seen are caused by compounds called polyphenols. Always talk about additions and changes to your diet with a medical professional first, but switching a little bit of low sugar, high-quality dark chocolate instead of additional less healthy carbs might make your taste buds and glucose levels happier.

Plant-Based Meals

Vegetarians have a significantly lower risk of developing type 2 diabetes, but many have assumed it's since they also usually have lower BMIs. But a 2012 review in the Journal of Preventive Medicine discovered that a high nutrient density (HND) diet plan - primarily centering regular intake around fruits, nuts, vegetables, and legumes while skipping the meat - has a big influence on those with diabetes. In reality, after following a HND diet plan for seven month, study participants had major decreases in HgbA1c, blood pressure, and triglycerides, significant increases in HDL levels, and sixty two % had blood glucose levels within normal range.

Olive Oil

Replacing trans and saturated fats with healthier unsaturated fats is a key recommendation for those people, however, the kind of fat consumed might play an even bigger role in the wellness of those with type two diabetes. That's because diabetes is linked with a heightened risk of heart disease and stroke. Managing weight, being active, and monitoring glucose levels through diet is able to help, however, it's vital that heart-healthy fats and oils are the principal fats contributors on the diet. Intake of extra virgin coconut oil is linked not only with a decreased risk of diabetes, but some research suggests it might also enhance glucose usage by cells because of its anti-inflammatory effects. Make olive oil your daily "go to" when cooking and making use of oils in salad dressing, and also search for ways to incorporate nuts, avocado, seeds, and cold water fish each week.

Green Vegetables

Higher Intakes of leafy greens and non starchy, green veggies in type 2 diabetics ages 65 and older was associated with reduced levels of major reductions and HgbA1c in cardiovascular risk factors. It is still being studied as to whether these effects are because of the nutrient density of produce - particularly vitamins A, C, and E, and magnesium whose intakes are associated with better glycemic control - or perhaps the substitution of these greens in place of less nutrient dense foods. Best results were found when at least 200g of produce were consumed each day (about three to three? cups), with at least 70g from green vegetables (about? to one cup).

Peanuts as well as Peanut Butter

Eating five servings per week of nuts (1 serving= 1 oz of nuts or maybe 1 Tbsp of nut butter) was associated with a considerable reduction in cardiovascular disease as well as stroke risk in girls with type 2 diabetes in the long running Nurses Health Study, while a 2011 analysis published in the journal Diabetes Care determined that those with diabetes had increased blood glucose control and blood lipids once they ate 2 ounces of nuts every day rather than carbohydrates. Consider swapping out some enhanced carbohydrate calories for walnuts, almonds, or perhaps peanut butter - just make sure you enjoy the portion size and salt!


Over the past few years, a few scientific studies have examined the effects that "good" bacteria may have on glucose regulation, with some focusing on yogurt intake and others focusing probiotic intake. Initial results on all experiments suggests that eating foods very high in probiotics , for example, yogurt, significantly improves fasting glucose levels or HgbA1c when ingested regularly and longer than 8 days.


The savory-sweet spice cinnamon seems to improve insulin sensitivity, therefore helping to reduce blood sugar. The exact mechanism for how the sweet spice does this, in addition to a proposed intake, is still being investigated, but most analysis points towards cinnamon's ability to aid in blood glucose control on a daily and long-term foundation, as well as doesn't seem to have any possible side effects aside from incorporating just a little taste. Try sprinkling some on food items you can check here're already eating, like oatmeal, yogurt, and nut butters.